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Each child has a different pace to learn to read, some authors point out that the optimal age to start is before 4 and others argue that it should start at 10 years.
In many schools the literacy learning before age 6However, many parents wonder if their children are ready. In Guiainfantil.com We clarify it for you.
In general, school marks the time for your child to start reading, usually before the age of 6. Research in recent years has focused on assess whether there was indeed a suitable age or on the contrary the child should have a maturity to read.
The conclusion of psychologists specializing in learning to read such as Fernando Cuetos Vega affirm that, “it may not be appropriate to ask at what age to begin to teach reading, but it isWhat skills will favor the learning of reading”.
- Perfect your oral language: If your child speaks fluently and understands what you say, it will be very important in his early reading. Although it may be hard to believe, reading is not just about reading over and over again, there are more skills that make it easier for you to read properly. Numerous investigations affirm that if you read to your son (even if he does not read yet), you speak with him with a varied and rich vocabulary, you will be helping him to be a good reader. The explanation is because reading comprises two parts: recognizing words and understanding them. If the words you read are no longer unfamiliar, because you have already heard them and know their meaning, you will only have to make an effort to visually recognize them.
- It enhances your visual and auditory memory in the short term and long term: Memory is a fundamental skill in understanding language. Repeating a word will help the child to memorize it and once it is memorized, he will read it more fluently and that will allow him to understand it better. A recent study published by researchers from the University of Oviedo (Asturias) has indicated that repetition helps reading improve and be more fluid. It is not a question of repeating many times, rather the only requirement is that the repetitions be produced aloud for six or eight times so that a child who does not have reading problems can pronounce it fluently, in case he has any Specific difficulty would need to increase the number of repetitions.
- Improve your phonological awareness: Phonological awareness occurs when your child is able to recognize that a certain sound (phoneme) corresponds to a letter (grapheme). Reading requires your child to recognize the letters, then to form syllables and later to recognize the word and understand its meaning. Research has shown that phonological awareness is a critical predictor for your child to read successfully (Serrano, Defior & Gracia, 2005). To improve it at home it is easier than it seems initially, you can use songs, games or riddles.
- Perfect your visual and listening skills: A child who is reading concentrates so much on recognizing letters that he sometimes forgets to rely on other resources to understand the text, for example the pictures that are around him or even listen to the sounds he is saying when reading aloud. At first, it demands such a level of concentration that once they have read, they do not realize they have made a mistake until they put the syllables together and turn them into one word. Therefore, try to read picture books or without words in which you stimulate their skills, they will understand that reading is more than just reading a few letters.
- Motivation: All these skills are useless if there is no interest in learning and if you force it, you will achieve just the opposite. Reading should be associated with something fun and for this it can be a good resource in a while that is with you informally, such as before going to sleep or helping you make a recipe with you, or singing in a karaoke so that the lyrics are known . Do not forget that we read to relate to the world, so it is important that you find what you will need to read for in your day to day life.
You can read more articles similar to Reading and writing before the age of 6, are children ready?, in the Reading on site category.